Dhul Qarnayn: Who is the Horned Lord?
In the Koran, Muhammad talks about a person named Dhul-Qarnayn. Translated, this means the Lord of Two Horns or the Two-Horned Lord.
This mythical figure draws quite a lot of enthusiastic admiration from Muhammad in the Koran who endows this noble figure with grand accomplishments: Dhul-Qarnayn travels from the furthest east where the sun rises to the western wastes where it sets. He builds a wall of iron to stop the Biblical armies of Gog and Magog from moving west. Qarnayn even builds an empire that stretches from east to west.
Chapter 18 of the Koran, called the Cave, deals with the Muhammad’s story of Dhul-Qarnayn. Read verses 83 to 99 for more information.
Muhammad certainly tries his skills as a storyteller. He excitedly lavishes Qarnayn with lots of praiseworthy accomplishments. Considering that Muhammad claimed that the Koran is the word of his god as recited, by one of that god’s pantheon of supernatural servitor spirits, directly to Muhammad means that Muhammad was serious in this commitment to explaining Dhul-Qarnyan to his followers.
WHO WAS THE LORD?
Muslim scholars have reached back into history to identify who Qarnayn actually was – after all, the Lord of Two Horns is not great for identification. Most Muslim scholars, through intellectual shoehorning, agree that the most likely candidate is Alexander the Great, a hero of great renown in Asia Minor who also created an Empire that spanned from west to east.
Except that Qarnayn isn’t Alexander the Great or any other human. Dhul-Qarnayn is Baal Qarnayn, the Lord of Two Horns, the chief god of Carthage the victim of the Punic Wars.
Also known as Kammon, Hamon and Ammon, this was the Baal that the Romans spread blood libel lies about: Baal’s priests sacrificed screaming children into the fiery depths inside his giant brass head.
So powerful was Carthage that their allies, the Greeks saw Dhul-Qarnayn as an equal to themselves and their god Zeus that the Greeks adopted as the theological hybrid Zeus-Ammon. Which is why there are statues of Zeus with two stubby horns (which some might have misidentified as statues of Moses which led to the medievalist legends of Jews possessing horns).
It seems obvious that, because there was a lot of dislike at the military conquests of Rome, the legends of the wars of extinction between surviving Rome and Carthage could explain how its surviving god haunted the lands occupied by Roman forces like a popular propaganda story. Old and orphaned Two Horns could have become recycled into a sort of Robin Hood folk lore character, an agitator and conspirer against the Roman bullies, that the incredulous Arabs of Asia Minor believed this person was real.
Maybe it was because Muhammad was so cynically devious or he and his followers – or at least those that assembled the Koran, were not educated and too credulous to realise that Dhul Qarnayn, the Lord of Two Horns, was the chief of the polytheistic Carthaginian pantheon. Dhul Qarnayn could not have been Alexander the Great or Cyrus the Great or Heraclius or anybody that actually lived. The Lord of Two Horns was just a story that the Arabs liked, no more, no more less.
But, because Rome was everyone’s enemy during Muhammad’s time, the enemy of my enemy was my friend logic appealed to Muhammad and the only obvious elements of this story was that Muhammad and his cult did not realise that there is no way Dhul Qarnayn was a mortal man.
A CONFLICT OF DISSONANCE
The unintended consequences of Muhammad’s enthusiasm are even more startling when the Koran says that this fiery child-eating god — one of the formative mythological characters that would eventually become not only the Christian devil, the maladopted Satan or Lucifier, the poster boy for the supernatural place of suffering and torment, but also foreshadow of Iblis, Islam’s own fallen angel and master of the malevolent jinn — was a declared to be a retroactive Muslim by celebrity proxy apparently by Muhammad himself.