Dhul Qarnayn: Who is the Horned Lord?

October 6, 2012 in Islam, Religion

In the Koran, Muhammad talks about a person named Dhul-Qarnayn. Translated, this means the Lord of Two Horns or the Two-Horned Lord.

This mythical figure draws quite a lot of enthusiastic admiration from Muhammad in the Koran who endows this noble figure with grand accomplishments: Dhul-Qarnayn travels from the furthest east where the sun rises to the western wastes where it sets. He builds a wall of iron to stop the Biblical armies of Gog and Magog from moving west. Qarnayn even builds an empire that stretches from east to west.

Chapter 18 of the Koran, called the Cave, deals with the Muhammad’s story of Dhul-Qarnayn. Read verses 83 to 99 for more information.

Muhammad certainly tries his skills as a storyteller. He excitedly lavishes Qarnayn with lots of praiseworthy accomplishments. Considering that Muhammad claimed that the Koran is the word of his god as recited, by one of that god’s pantheon of supernatural servitor spirits, directly to Muhammad means that Muhammad was serious in this commitment to explaining Dhul-Qarnyan to his followers.

WHO WAS THE LORD?
Muslim scholars have reached back into history to identify who Qarnayn actually was – after all, the Lord of Two Horns is not great for identification. Most Muslim scholars, through intellectual shoehorning, agree that the most likely candidate is Alexander the Great, a hero of great renown in Asia Minor who also created an Empire that spanned from west to east.

Except that Qarnayn isn’t Alexander the Great or any other human. Dhul-Qarnayn is Baal Qarnayn, the Lord of Two Horns, the chief god of Carthage the victim of the Punic Wars.

Also known as Kammon, Hamon and Ammon, this was the Baal that the Romans spread blood libel lies about: Baal’s priests sacrificed screaming children into the fiery depths inside his giant brass head.

So powerful was Carthage that their allies, the Greeks saw Dhul-Qarnayn as an equal to themselves and their god Zeus that the Greeks adopted as the theological hybrid Zeus-Ammon. Which is why there are statues of Zeus with two stubby horns (which some might have misidentified as statues of Moses which led to the medievalist legends of Jews possessing horns).

It seems obvious that, because there was a lot of dislike at the military conquests of Rome, the legends of the wars of extinction between surviving Rome and Carthage could explain how its surviving god haunted the lands occupied by Roman forces like a popular propaganda story. Old and orphaned Two Horns could have become recycled into a sort of Robin Hood folk lore character, an agitator and conspirer against the Roman bullies, that the incredulous Arabs of Asia Minor believed this person was real.

Maybe it was because Muhammad was so cynically devious or he and his followers – or at least those that assembled the Koran, were not educated and too credulous to realise that Dhul Qarnayn, the Lord of Two Horns, was the chief of the polytheistic Carthaginian pantheon. Dhul Qarnayn could not have been Alexander the Great or Cyrus the Great or Heraclius or anybody that actually lived. The Lord of Two Horns was just a story that the Arabs liked, no more, no more less.

But, because Rome was everyone’s enemy during Muhammad’s time, the enemy of my enemy was my friend logic appealed to Muhammad and the only obvious elements of this story was that Muhammad and his cult did not realise that there is no way Dhul Qarnayn was a mortal man.

A CONFLICT OF DISSONANCE
The unintended consequences of Muhammad’s enthusiasm are even more startling when the Koran says that this fiery child-eating god — one of the formative mythological characters that would eventually become not only the Christian devil, the maladopted Satan or Lucifier, the poster boy for the supernatural place of suffering and torment, but also foreshadow of Iblis, Islam’s own fallen angel and master of the malevolent jinn — was a declared to be a retroactive Muslim by celebrity proxy apparently by Muhammad himself.

10 responses to Dhul Qarnayn: Who is the Horned Lord?

  1. Interesting theory. It seems that dhul qarnayn is somehow related to a Syriac legend about Alexander. It has the same elements (Alexander has horns, voyage to where sun sets, thhen to where it rises and the iron wall against Gog and Magog). Some details and useful links here and also some pre-Islamic Arabic poems of the story:

    Dhul Qarnayn and the muddy spring in Quran 18:86

    Maybe what you say could help explain where the earlier roots of this legend that became attached to Alexander. Good blog btw. Another blog I like with similar themes is http://rationalislam.blogspot.com

    • This is not a legend. Attributing Alexander the Great to Baal Qarnain is something Muslim priests did to give Islam credibility. Alexander the Great has nothing to do with Islam or walls of iron or brass or tribes of Huns.

  2. Dear Insect King, it’s so clear that you’re an Anti-Muslim because you simply renamed Dhul Qarnayn into Baal Qarnayn. How it’s possible? It’s possible because you hated Muslims and you’re searching a way to corrupting it. Actually You are playing with words just by yourself.
    So let me a little help you in Arabic. Dhul means one who possess and Qarnayn mean two horn, Dhol Qarnayn means one who posses two horns. It can be a hamlet by two horns, (like Viking Hamlet), But Baal Qarnayn (created by you ) which has no meaning in Arabic.
    In addition to “Baal” is mentioned in Quran (Koran) as an IDOL which pagans sacrifice children for him and so damned in Koran.

    • Hello Kapanak. I think you should think twice about labelling people simply because you do not like what they say. Baal Qarnain is a Phoenician god that became the chief god of Carthage.

      “How it’s possible? It’s possible because you hated Muslims and you’re searching a way to corrupting it. Actually You are playing with words just by yourself.”

      Wow, that old boring “you are prejudiced card”.

      “So let me a little help you in Arabic. Dhul means one who possess and Qarnayn mean two horn, Dhol Qarnayn means one who posses two horns. It can be a hamlet by two horns, (like Viking Hamlet), But Baal Qarnayn (created by you ) which has no meaning in Arabic.”

      Arabic “Dhul-Qarnayn” (Arabic: ذو القرنين‎, ḏū al-qarnayni) literally translates to “possessor of the two horns”. “Dhu” (Arabic: ذو‎, ḏū) means “owner”.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhul-Qarnayn

      Alexander the Great took on the visual qualities of Baal Qarnain — the god’s horns — as a sign of his power as a conquerer. Since Qarnain was a very popular god in the ancient world, this is why Alexander the Great appears on coins with rams horns.

      “In addition to “Baal” is mentioned in Quran (Koran) as an IDOL which pagans sacrifice children for him and so damned in Koran.”

      There is not any one Baal. Baal is an honorific, a title, applied to gods and royalty. Baal means lord or owner. If you read the Old Testament and you read Lord you should know it that it probably refers to a god like Baal Hadad or Baal Saphon and not Yahweh. Yahweh never had an honorific.

      The problem is that whoever wrote the Koran got it very wrong. The Dhul Qarnain character is a much-altered fiction like Solomon, Arthur or Robin Hood. A wandering trickster hero.

      Here’s some more to read on Baal Qarnain for your enlightenment.

      http://www.pantheon.org/articles/b/baal-qarnain.html

      http://www.mythologydictionary.com/phoenician-mythology.html

      http://books.google.co.za/books?id=hZg9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA52&lpg=PA52&dq=Baal+Qarnain&source=bl&ots=60fT3Mrp8Y&sig=ZDhjoxXhecDIYD2ql2K8VLYm4zw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VWIwUa3_LvOW0QXZ8oD4Bw&ved=0CFcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=Baal%20Qarnain&f=false

  3. أَتَدْعُونَ بَعْلًا وَتَذَرُونَ أَحْسَنَ الْخَالِقِينَ
    Are they (Pagans) calling Ball and leaving the Best Creator (God)?
    Sorah Safat, Ayah 125, Holy Quran.

    I should tell you meaning of Muslim, it’s not a name, it’s an adj in Arabic. Muslim means one who obeys the God’s command.
    So we can call nice people a Muslim in every language, culture and religion.
    And another thing, Muslims believe Moses, Jesus as prophets of God, there’s too many sections about them in Quran. So we can call ourselves Jews or Christians.
    This is core of Islam, make a brotherhood, equality among mankind without no exception. Islam makes common ground, similarities, but you my friend are trusting in your governments, your media. They make differences between mankind, these sick people are using so called goddamned method “Divide & Conquer”.
    I am as a Muslim respect to every Jewish, every Christian and I can tell you God created the Earth, the Mankind without no political border. Whole earth as a united country and when you look at the political map, remember my word:
    These borders are made by some idiot and sick people, so who forced me to obey them. I respect to no border, no flag, no National Anthem. I just believe in one country as Earth and every single man, woman, child are an official citizen in this country.
    So open your mind, don’t care about media and their Anti-Islam propaganda. They are murdering too much poor people, because they are just Muslim. Such a stupid ideology.
    Refer to your heart and live like a real human, FREE!

  4. “Are they (Pagans) calling Ball and leaving the Best Creator (God)? Sorah Safat, Ayah 125, Holy Quran.”

    The reason why Baal appears in the Old Testament is because the Old Testament is a collection of different pagan religions of different gods that was created by the Deuteronomists in 600BCE under the command of King Josiah.

    The mention of El Elyon, Shaddai and the Lord are different and separate gods of the Canaan pantheon that where retroactively made to fit Yahweh.

    It’s like the name Allah which was used by other pre-Islamic Abrahamic faiths like the Hanif and Sabians as well as some pagan religions.

    “I should tell you meaning of Muslim, it’s not a name, it’s an adj in Arabic. Muslim means one who obeys the God’s command.
    So we can call nice people a Muslim in every language, culture and religion.”

    Technically, it means to submit and obey. Also, according to your scripture, every child is born Muslim but becomes a kaffir apostate later in life. I may be a nice person but I’m not a Muslim. I think there are many Muslims who would get very pissed off if I called them Jews or atheists or Buddhists or Satanists.

    “And another thing, Muslims believe Moses, Jesus as prophets of God, there’s too many sections about them in Quran. So we can call ourselves Jews or Christians.”

    You can call yourself whatever you want. This is your right.

    “This is core of Islam, make a brotherhood, equality among mankind without no exception. Islam makes common ground, similarities, but you my friend are trusting in your governments, your media. They make differences between mankind, these sick people are using so called goddamned method “Divide & Conquer”.”

    I prefer to not suffer under a tyrannical Sharia theocracy. I prefer secular democracies. I can write articles like this without being threatened with the death penalty.

    “I am as a Muslim respect to every Jewish, every Christian and I can tell you God created the Earth, the Mankind without no political border. Whole earth as a united country and when you look at the political map, remember my word:
    These borders are made by some idiot and sick people, so who forced me to obey them. I respect to no border, no flag, no National Anthem. I just believe in one country as Earth and every single man, woman, child are an official citizen in this country.”

    Really? Saudi Arabia has very defined borders. Also, your god is not real. Nothing happens after you die.

    “So open your mind, don’t care about media and their Anti-Islam propaganda. They are murdering too much poor people, because they are just Muslim. Such a stupid ideology. Refer to your heart and live like a real human, FREE!”

    You seem very passionate about your god and religion, and you don’t seem like a bad person, but I don’t have a problem with Muslims — I used to go drinking with plenty of them — but I don’t like Islam and I do not want to be a Muslim.

  5. “Also, your god is not real. Nothing happens after you die.”

    So, you died and can prove it?
    Show me.

    See? Anyone can quote and act like a stupid little smart-ass.

    Grow up and get a life.
    Otherwise, just crawl back into your insect hole, your highness.

  6. The OP is full of hot air… can’t even get his facts straight, I stopped reading at ” Dhul-Qarnayn travels from the furthest east where the sun rises to the western wastes where it sets.” simply because the journey of the Two Horned King started when he first went WEST to see the last place the sun set, and then travelled EAST, to see the place it first rose from…. furthermore, I can educate you about the mystery surrounding this enigmatic character from the Quran, but your prejudice against these Muslim peoples notifies me that i’d be wasting my time… to top it all off, your arguments are so stupidly researched that i’d have to educate you on “method” first… this is the problem with bloggers like you, you talk so much shit, I can smell its stench from the internet.

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